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        關于探討英語教師課堂角色的轉換網站位置: >> 英語論文 >> 英語語言學論文 >> 瀏覽文章
        探討英語教師課堂角色的轉換

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        英語教師課堂角色的轉換一、英語課堂教學目前的目前狀況
          (一)教師講,學生聽,依然是比較普遍的課堂教學模式
          近幾年來,雖然英語課堂教學較以往有所變化,但大多數教師仍然沿襲過去的陳舊策略——教師講,學生聽,教師在課堂教學中所起的角色作用僅僅是語言知識的傳授者和學生語言錯誤的糾正者,文字的搬運工,自始至終進行“填鴨式”教學,而沒有真正起到學生和語言學習之間的橋梁和紐帶作用,使得語言的教與學陷入十分被動的局面,課堂氣氛沉悶,枯燥無味,更談不上運用所學語言進行信息和情感交流了。
          (二)語言教學空洞、盲目,缺乏使用真實環境的過程
          語言的交流是在一定的真實環境下進行的,離開了一定的語言情境,一切交流都變得非常空洞、盲目。近些年來,隨著新課程標準的提出和實施,教育的不斷改革和發展,許多教科書在編排過程中都有意識地在每個單元的第一課里設計了一個聽說課,其目的就是要加強語言情境教學的功能,從而達到語言交際的目的。但由于種種理由,大多數教師卻忽略了這一點,使得這一設計失去了它最初的作用。
          二、英語教師課堂角色轉換的依據
          為了進一步說明英語教師課堂角色轉換的緊迫性,筆者對本校高三某班的50名學生進行了一次英語教師課堂印象的問卷調查(見下表):
          通過上表的調查我們不難發現,學生主要是在向往一種“教”與“學”的和諧統一,正如李嵐清同志在第二個教師節與一些教育工作者座談時強調的:“一位優秀的教師就是一位開發人力資源的科學家、專家。”
          三、新型教學模式下,英語教師應扮演哪些角色
          (一)教師是教學的創造者
          提倡平等和諧的師生關系,強調學習者的主體地位,有助于學生身心健康,提高學習效率。因此,英語教師首先要創造一個良好的、適合學生學習英語的輕松和諧的課堂氣氛和學習環境,使學生的學習有事半功倍的效果。其次,要根據本地區、本班級的英語課堂的具體實際情況,創造適應于自己和學生的教學策略,并注重學習指導,善于激發和調動全體學生的學習積極性、主動性、創造性,激發興趣,培養良好的學習習慣、策略。
          (二)教師是教學的參與者
          教師成為教學的參與者就是要求教師以平等的態度參加教學活動,做好示范,而不只是知識的傳授者。通過教師的參與來激發學生的參與意識。教師參與學生的語言實踐活動,成為學生的一個交際合作伙伴,這在一定程度上會起到調節課堂氣氛的作用,無形中使學生感覺到教師是他們中的一員,這在很大程度上有利于消除學生的緊張情緒和心理障礙,激發學生參與語言交際活動的興趣。
          (三)教師是學生發展的推動者、引導者
          教學活動是師生間的雙邊互動式活動。在教學活動中,教師要充分發揮學生的主體作用,盡可能利用各種策略排除學生的心理障礙,幫助他們樹立信心,提高他們的學習興趣,不斷改善學生的學習策略。我們可以借鑒心理學中的“皮格馬利翁效應”和“羅森塔爾效應”,給學生無盡的愛和關懷;給學生積極的評價和最高的期望,讓他們產生一種積極向上的勇氣和力量,從而樹立起堅定的信心,推動他們不斷發展。同時,在教學中要發揮教師的引導作用。教師的引導作用主要在于教師對于學生各種興趣的積極引導,組織好課內外各種活動,并指導學生學習英語的策略,為他們選材解疑,幫助他們養成良好的學習習慣和培養自學能力,從而保持他們高昂的學習積極性。
          (四)教師是研究者和學習者
          社會生活的信息化和經濟全球化,使英語的重要性日益突顯,另外,由于社會的不斷進步與發展,學生接受新信息、新知識、新事物的呼聲越來越高,因此,過去過分強調和重視語法和詞匯知識的講解與傳授,忽視對學生實際語言運用能力的培養的課程,已經不適合學生的發展。正是由于這個理由,我區一直以來都在進行著課程改革的嘗試,新課標不僅在課程內容、課程結構、學生學習方式和學習制度、教育教學方式和研究方式、教學評價方式以及學校管理方式等方面都有很大的轉變,而且在課程目標、內容標準和課程實施與評價等方面都重新做了詳盡的闡述。這些方面的轉變和闡述都對教師提出了前所未有的更高的要求。從這個作用上來講,教師的角色應該由過去的授課者向研究者和學習者轉變。
          編輯 張珍珍 全文地址:http://www.qdhlgm.com/yyyyxlw/lw50945.html
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